College Majors

Engineering and Computer Science offers several different branches and careers. Depending on your aptitude, you could select the specific major. Chemical / petroleum engineering, aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, computer / data science are just some examples. There is cutting edge research and development always happening in each of these fields. And each field offers various types of jobs - from customer facing to individual contributors, from field work to lab work, etc. Do explore the list of majors below and see what kind of career you envision for yourself ...

COMING SOON!! Questionnaire to help you pick a major that suits your interests, and strengths.

 

For each major, we have provided a brief description, a few examples of Universities offering the major, and a few employers hiring for that major. 

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Core Engineering

  • Chemical Engineering Use chemistry and engineering to turn raw materials into products such as medicine, petrochemicals, and plastics on a large-scale, industrial setting. Employers: Dupont, ExxonMobil, etc. Universities: Cal Tech, Stanford, etc.

  • Civil Engineering One of the oldest branches of engineering - design and construct residential, commercial, industrial and public works projects of all sizes and levels of construction - skyscrapers, bridges, highways, auditoriums, etc. Employers: US Air Force, Bechtel, etc. Universities: MIT, Georgia Tech, etc.

  • Computer Engineering Combines computer science and electronic engineering to develop computer hardware and software. Applications include computer architecture, robotics, computer networking, etc. Employers: Apple, Microsoft, etc. Universities: University of Illinois - Urbana Champagne, UCLA, etc.

  • Electrical Engineering Study and design of electrical systems - includes sub-fields such as power distribution, telecommunications, electronics, instrumentation, etc. Think designing of gaming consoles, satellite communications, and cell phones! Employers: Lockheed Martin, IBM, etc. Universities: UC Berkeley, MIT, etc.

  • Environmental Engineering  This is a combination of civil engineering, chemical engineering and mechanical engineering. Creates solutions that will protect and improve human health, sustainability, and the quality of the environment. Employers: SpaceX, Freeport-McMoRan, etc. Universities: University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, UT Austin, etc.

  • Industrial Engineering Methodical and quantitative approach to optimizing how a process, system, or organization operates, in an industrial setting. Sub-fields include facilities engineering, energy management, Human Factors & Safety Engineering, etc. Employers: Samsung, Pepsico, etc. Universities: Georgia Tech, Virginia Polytechnic, etc.

  • Mechanical Engineering Design, build, and test mechanical and thermal devices, including tools, engines, and machines. Branches include fluid dynamics, structural analysis, mechatronics, robotics, etc. Employers: Johnson & Johnson, Boston Scientific, etc. Universities: Purdue, Carnegie Mellon, etc.

  • SW Engineering / Computer Science Software is at the heart of every advanced computing system we use today - from ATM to smart phone. Software engineers and computer scientists use programming languages like Java, C# and Python to design, develop, deploy, test, and maintain software. Employers: Google, Facebook, etc. Universities: MIT, Stanford, etc.

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Interdisciplinary Fields

  • Aerospace Engineering Specializes in the development of aircraft and spacecraft. Apply the advances in aerodynamics, propulsion, avionics, materials science, structural analysis and manufacturing to design and construct airplanes and spaceships. Employers: Boeing, US Air Force, etc. Universities: Cal Tech, Texas A&M, etc.

  • Agricultural Engineering Integrate technology with farming - area of engineering concerned with the design, construction and improvement of farming equipment and machinery. Employers: Monsanto, Tyson, etc. Universities: Iowa State, North Carolina State, etc.

  • Architectural Engineering Planning, design, construction and operation of buildings. Focus areas include energy conservation, HVAC, plumbing, lighting, fire protection, acoustics, transportation, structural systems, building materials, and construction management. Employers: Mackenzie, Gensler, etc. Universities: University of Miami, Worcester Polytechnic, etc.

  • Automotive Engineering Vehicle engineering, i.e. design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles, and trucks. Incorporates mechanical, electrical, electronic, software, and safety aspects of vehicles. Employers: NVIDIA, Toyota, etc. Universities: Clemson, Lawrence Technological, etc.

  • Biomedical Engineering Engineering applied to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g., diagnostic or therapeutic). Applies cutting edge engineering developments to advance health care treatment, including diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy. Employers: Medtronic, Amgen, etc. Universities: Johns Hopkins, Duke, etc.

  • Construction Engineering Designing, planning, construction and management of infrastructures such as roads, tunnels, bridges, airports, railroads, facilities, buildings, dams, utilities and other projects. Employers: Fluor, CDMG, etc. Universities: Purdue, Northwestern, etc.

  • Manufacturing / Production Engineering Engineering from various disciplines (e.g. mechanical, chemical, electrical, and industrial engineering) applied to manufacturing. Focuses on developments of manufacturing processes resulting in highest quality products at least cost. Employers: Honda, GE, etc. Universities: Cornell, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, etc.

  • Materials Engineering Interdisciplinary field, also termed materials science. Design and discovery of new materials, by combining advances from from chemistry, physics, and engineering. Closely related to metallurgy and mineralogy. Employers: Goodyear, Nucor, etc. Universities: University of Illinois - Urbana Champagne, UC Santa Barbara, etc.

  • Nuclear Engineering Deals with Nuclear power plant design, construction, and maintenance. Ensuring safety of the plant, and complying to regulations are essential aspects of a Nuclear engineer's job. Employers: Los Alamos National Lab, US Navy, etc. Universities: University of Wisconsin- Madison, MIT, etc.

  • Petroleum Engineering As the name suggests, this branch deals with the exploration and production of petroleum products including crude oil, and natural gas. This is a key skillset needed in oil and gas industry. Employers: ExxonMobil, Kinder Morgan, etc. Universities: University of Texas - Austin, Texas A&M, etc.

 

Math & Science

  • Bioinformatics / Computational Biology Development and application of data-analysis, mathematical modeling and computational simulation to the study of genes, personalized medicine, cancer research, etc. Employers: Novogene, Google, etc. Universities: University of Pennsylvania, Yale, etc.

  • Data Science Combines statistics, data analysis, etc. to derive insights from vast amounts of data. This is a inter-disciplinary field that draws from many fields - Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science, and Information Science. Employers: Splunk, Oracle, etc. Universities: Northwestern, NYU, etc.

  • Mathematics / Statistics Many complex problems in Tech industry (e.g. how to design a Search Engine) require mathematical solutions. So, Mathematics and statistics graduates qualify for several top jobs in the Tech industry. Employers: Qualcomm, Genentech, etc. Universities: Harvard, Princeton, etc.

  • Physics Physics is at the heart of every technological endeavor - from designing an airplane to building an X-Ray machine. So, a Physics major can open the door to a variety of great career tracks! Employers: Lawrence Livermore National Labs, Amazon, etc. Universities: University of Chicago, University of Maryland, etc.

  • Chemistry Chemical reactions are key to understanding the world we live in. With this major you can qualify for jobs at several employers - e.g. petroleum companies, clean energy companies, etc. Employers: Dow Chemicals, Codexis, etc. Universities: Cal Tech, Harvard, etc.

  • Biology Biotechnology is a growing field. And Hi-Tech companies like Google and Microsoft are typically pursuing some initiatives that intercept with Biology. Sub-branches of Biology include Biochemistry, Microbiology, Botany, Zoology, etc. Employers: Amgen, Biogen, etc. Universities: MIT, Yale, etc.

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